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Conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater via the bank infiltration method


Shamsuddin, Mohd Khairul Nizar and Sulaiman, Wan Nor Azmin and Suratman, Saim and Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi and Samuding, Kamarudin (2014) Conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater via the bank infiltration method. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 7 (9). pp. 3731-3753. ISSN 1866-7511; ESSN: 1866-7538


The bank infiltration (BI) technique may be a viable option if the local climate, hydrological, and geological conditions are conducive. This study was specifically conducted to explore the possibility of using BI to source the polluted surface water in conjunction with groundwater. Three major factors were considered for evaluation: (1) investigation on the contribution of surface water through BI, (2) input of local groundwater, and (3) water quality characteristics of water supply. Initially, the geophysical method was employed to define the subsurface geology and hydrogeology, and isotope techniques were performed to identify the source of groundwater recharge and interaction between surface water and groundwater. The physicochemical and microbiological parameters of the local surface water bodies and groundwater were analyzed before and during water abstraction. Extracted water revealed a 5 %–98 % decrease in turbidity, as well as HCO3 +, SO4 −, NO3 −, Al, As, and Ca concentration reduction compared with those of Langat river water. However, water samples from test wells during pumping show high concentrations of Fe2+ and Mn2+. In addition, amounts of Escherichia coli, total coliform, and Giardia were significantly reduced (99.9 %). Pumping test results indicate that the two wells (DW1 and DW2) were able to sustain yields.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1036-9
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Bank infiltration; Hydrochemistry; Alluvial aquifer; Groundwater/surface water relations
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2015 03:42
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2015 03:42
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s12517-013-1036-9
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36888
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