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Cohort comparisons: emotional well-being among adolescents and older adults


Momtaz, Yadollah Abolfathi and Tengku Abdul Hamid, Tengku Aizan and Ibrahim, Rahimah (2014) Cohort comparisons: emotional well-being among adolescents and older adults. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9. pp. 813-819. ISSN 1176-9092; ESSN: 1178-1998


Background: There are several negative stereotypes about older adults that have negatively influenced people's attitude about aging. The present study compared emotional well-being between older adults and adolescents. Methods: Data for this study came from 1,403 community-dwelling elderly persons and 1,190 secondary school students and were obtained from two national cross-sectional surveys. Emotional well-being was measured using the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index. Data analysis was conducted using a multivariate analysis of covariance with SPSS software version 20 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: Elderly people significantly scored higher levels of emotional well-being (mean, 62.3; standard deviation, 22.55) than younger people (mean, 57.9; standard deviation, 18.46; t, 5.32; P≤0.001). The findings from the multivariate analysis of covariance revealed a significant difference between older adults and younger people in emotional well-being [F(3, 2587)=120.21; P≤0.001; η2=0.122] after controlling for sex. Conclusion: Contrary to negative stereotypes about aging, our findings show a higher level of emotional well-being among older adults compared with younger people.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S61636
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Keywords: Aged; Ageism; Emotional well-being; Positive aging
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 24 May 2015 03:23
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2015 06:54
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.2147/CIA.S61636
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36803
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