UPM Institutional Repository

Assessing learning outcomes through students’ reflective thinking


Ho, Yuek Ming and Abdul Manaf, Latifah (2014) Assessing learning outcomes through students’ reflective thinking. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 152. pp. 973-977. ISSN 1877-0428


Assessing students’ reflective thinking could reveal learning outcomes which summative assessment could not. Therefore, the researcher as course instructor decided to look into students’ reflective writing for a more insightful feedback on their learning outcomes. One cohort of students in an environmental management course were requested to write reflection notes at the completion of each assignment, and towards the end of the course a piece of reflective essay. The students’ reflective writings were then analysed for snippets of evidence that purportedly meets the course learning outcomes. These evidences of students’ learning outcomes were gathered and examined for emerging patterns and trends in the students’ reflective thinking that relates to the course objectives. The document analysis method was applied to identify and match the students’ reflective writings with the learning objectives. Findings reveal students’ achievement of learning outcomes and higher order thinking skills, as outlined in the course objectives. It is hoped that findings from this research will further support the significance of reflective thinking on learning. Reflective notes provide meaningful feedback on learning to instructors that could be acted upon towards improvement of a course. Educators and educationists could look at students’ reflective writings as an effective form of assessment that would provide a more insightful assessment of students’ learning and thoughts.

Download File

[img] PDF
Assessing learning outcomes through students' reflective thinking.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (238kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.352
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Reflective writing; Alternative assessment; Learning outcomes
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 07:34
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 07:37
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.352
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36542
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item