UPM Institutional Repository

Aflatoxin M1 in milk from urban and rural farmhouses of Punjab, Pakistan


Iqbal, Shahzad Zafar and Asi, Muhammad Rafique and Selamat, Jinap (2014) Aflatoxin M1 in milk from urban and rural farmhouses of Punjab, Pakistan. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance, 17 (1). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1939-3210; ESSN: 1939-3229


Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) was determined in 107 milk samples collected from urban and rural farmhouses from Punjab, Pakistan, by HPLC with fluorescence detection. An incidence rate of 64% (38/59) in milk samples from urban farmhouses was found, with a mean concentration of 0.064 ± 0.023 μg L−1. In rural samples about 52% (25/48) of milk samples were contaminated with AFM1, with a mean of 0.04 ± 0.034 μg L−1. About 42% of milk samples from urban and 27% from rural farmhouses were well above the limit permitted by the European Union (EU). However, only 15% and 8% of milk samples from urban and rural farmhouses, respectively, exceeded the limit of USDA/Codex regulations. The results showed that the contamination of milk with AFM1 from Punjab, Pakistan, when compared with Codex limit is present and needs continuous monitoring. The awareness and education among dairy farmers on the potential health risks associated with aflatoxins should be communicated.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Aflatoxin M1 in milk from urban and rural farmhouses of Punjab.pdf

Download (186kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2013.828322
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Milk; AFM1; Urban and rural farmhouses; Punjab; Pakistan
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 10:45
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2015 00:52
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/19393210.2013.828322
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36341
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item