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Advances to improve the eating and cooking qualities of rice by marker-assisted breeding


Citation

Chui, Wendy Phing Lau and Abdul Latif, Mohammad and Yusop, Mohd Rafii and Ismail, Mohd Razi and Puteh, Adam (2016) Advances to improve the eating and cooking qualities of rice by marker-assisted breeding. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 36 (1). pp. 87-98. ISSN 0738-8551; ESSN: 1549-7801

Abstract / Synopsis

The eating and cooking qualities of rice are heavily emphasized in breeding programs because they determine market values and they are the appealing attributes sought by consumers. Conventional breeding has developed traditional varieties with improved eating and cooking qualities. Recently, intensive genetic studies have pinpointed the genes that control eating and cooking quality traits. Advances in genetic studies have developed molecular techniques, thereby allowing marker-assisted breeding (MAB) for improved eating and cooking qualities in rice. MAB has gained the attention of rice breeders for the advantages it can offer that conventional breeding cannot. There have been successful cases of using MAB to improve the eating and cooking qualities in rice over the years. Nevertheless, MAB should be applied cautiously given the intensive effort needed for genotyping. Perspectives from conventional breeding to marker-assisted breeding will be discussed in this review for the advancement of the eating and cooking qualities of fragrance, amylose content (AC), gel consistency (GC) and gelatinization temperature (GT) in rice. These four parameters are associated with eating and cooking qualities in rice. The genetic basis of these four parameters is also included in this review. MAB is another approach to rice variety improvement and development in addition to being an alternative to genetic engineering. The MAB approach shortens the varietal development time, and is therefore able to deliver improved rice varieties to farmers within a shorter period of time.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3109/07388551.2014.923987
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Keywords: Amylose content; Conventional breeding; Fragrance; Gel consistency; Gelatinization temperature; Marker-assisted backcross breeding; Marker-assisted selection; Quantitative trait loci
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 13:05
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2016 13:05
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3109/07388551.2014.923987
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36338
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