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A novel approach for the adsorption of cadmium ions in aqueous solution by dead calcareous skeletons


Lim, Ai Phing and Aris, Ahmad Zaharin (2014) A novel approach for the adsorption of cadmium ions in aqueous solution by dead calcareous skeletons. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52 (16-18). pp. 3169-3177. ISSN 1944-3994; ESSN: 1944-3986


Heavy metal contamination in water causes problems to the environment and the deterioration of human health. Various types of water remediation methods have been conducted to counter this problem and to reduce the toxicity risk in water. As the conventional treatment process does not completely remove pollutants in the water, alternative purification methods have been studied to improve the treatment process. In this present study, batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the ability of dead calcareous skeleton in removing cadmium ions (Cd(II)) from aqueous solution. The factors affecting adsorption were evaluated in respect of adsorbent size, contact time, adsorbent dosage, pH, and initial concentration to determine the optimum conditions for Cd(II) removal. The optimum size of CS was 710 μm and the equilibrium was achieved at 600 min. The most favorable dosage concentration was 20 g/L. The optimum pH for the Cd(II) adsorption was 6.42, which is the initial pH of Cd(II) solution. The adsorption capacity of CS appeared to be higher when the initial concentration Cd(II) increased above 1 mg/L. The experimental data fitted better in the Freundlich isotherm than in the Langmuir isotherm but the bonding was rather weak. The results from this study demonstrate that dead calcareous skeletons have considerable potential in water treatment applications for the metal removal process. In addition, the cost of chemical usage can be reduced due to the natural characteristics of adsorbents, which are able to alter the pH of the solution so that it is favorable for optimum adsorption capacity.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.798843
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Cadmium; Dead calcareous skeletons; Adsorption capacity; Removal efficiency; Batch experiment
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2015 06:57
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2015 03:27
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/19443994.2013.798843
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36212
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