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Waterborne polyurethane dispersions synthesized from jatropha oil


Saalah, Sariah and Abdullah, Luqman Chuah and Aung, Min Min and Salleh, Mek Zah and Awang Biak, Dayang Radiah and Basri, Mahiran and Jusoh, Emiliana Rose (2015) Waterborne polyurethane dispersions synthesized from jatropha oil. Industrial Crops and Products, 64. pp. 194-200. ISSN 0926-6690; ESSN: 1872-633X


A series of waterborne polyurethane dispersions derived from jatropha oil-based polyol (JOL) with different OH numbers ranging from 138 to 217 mgKOH/g, were successfully prepared. Jatropha oil-based polyols were synthesized by epoxidation and oxirane ring opening using methanol. The JOLs produced were then used to prepare jatropha oil based waterborne polyurethane (JPU) dispersions by reaction with isophrene diisocyanate (IPDI). Dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA) was used as an internal emulsifier to enable the dispersion of polyurethane in water. The influence of the OH number, DMPA content and hard segment content on the stability of the wet JPU dispersions, as well as the physical, mechanical and thermal properties of the dry JPU films were investigated. The results reveal that with increasing OH number, the DMPA content and hard segment content significantly decrease the particle size from 1.1 μm to 53 nm, indicating increasing stability of the dispersions. JPU films exhibit the stress–strain behavior of an elastomeric polymer with a Young's modulus ranging from 1 to 28 MPa, a tensile strength of 1.8 to 4.0 MPa and elongation at break ranging from 85 to 325%. The polyurethane dispersions synthesized in this work possess good pendulum hardness, water repellence and thermal stability with promising application as a binder for wood and decorative coatings.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.10.046
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Jatropha oil; Polyurethane dispersion; Renewable polyol; Waterborne coating
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2016 01:09
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2016 01:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.10.046
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/36008
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