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Valorization of waste oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) biomass through furfurylation


Szymona, Karolina and Borysiuk, Piotr and H'ng, Paik San and Chin, Kit Ling and Maminski, Mariusz (2014) Valorization of waste oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) biomass through furfurylation. Materials and Design, 53. pp. 425-429. ISSN 0264-1275; ESSN: 1873-4197


Malaysia is the biggest producer of palm oil in the world. The production generates large amounts of waste trunks which should be considered a valuable bio-feedstock rather than waste. An approach for valorization of waste oil palm biomass – especially that of low density hardly applicable in industry – through furfurylation was investigated. Furfuryl alcohol treatment resulted in great improvement in the properties of the material: 200% density gain, water absorption and thickness swelling reduced by 50% and 74%, respectively, hardness increased by 400%, as well as 3.5-fold and 7.4-fold increase, respectively, in bending strength and modulus of elasticity was observed. Alternations in physical and mechanical properties of oil palm trunk combined with aesthetic changes due to material darkening may be considered an effective approach for conversion of waste biomass to novel materials of enhanced technical value.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Forestry
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.030
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Oil palm; Elaeis guineensis; Furfuryl alcohol; Modification
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2016 02:40
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 00:53
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.030
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/35964
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