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Understanding the shoot apical meristem regulation: a study of the phytohormones, auxin and cytokinin, in rice


Azizi, Parisa and Yusop, Mohd Rafii and Mahmood, Maziah and Abdullah, Siti Nor Akmar and Musa, Mohamed Hanafi and Abdul Latif, Muhammad and Abdul Rashid, Azmi and Sahebi, Mahbod (2015) Understanding the shoot apical meristem regulation: a study of the phytohormones, auxin and cytokinin, in rice. Mechanisms of Development, 135. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0925-4773; ESSN: 1872-6356


Auxin and cytokinin regulate different critical processes involved in plant growth and environmental feedbacks. These plant hormones act either synergistically or antagonistically to control the organisation, formation and maintenance of meristem. Meristem cells can be divided to generate new tissues and organs at the locations of plant postembryonic development. The aboveground plant organs are created by the shoot apical meristem (SAM). It has been proposed that the phytohormone, cytokinin, plays a positive role in the shoot meristem function, promotes cell expansion and promotes an increasing size of the meristem in Arabidopsis, whereas it has the reverse effects in the root apical meristem (RAM). Over the last few decades, it has been believed that the apically derived auxin suppresses the shoot branching by inactivating the axillary buds. However, it has recently become clear that the mechanism of action of auxinis indirect and multifaceted. In higher plants, the regulatory mechanisms of the SAM formation and organ separation are mostly unknown. This study reviews the effects and functions of cytokinin and auxin at the shoot apical meristem. This study also highlights the merger of the transcription factor activity with the actions of cytokinin/auxin and their complex interactions with the shoot meristem in rice.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mod.2014.11.001
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Stem cells; Transcription factors; Cell expansion; Axillary buds
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 05:14
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2016 05:14
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.mod.2014.11.001
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/35920
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