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Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae


Azizi, Parisa and Yusop, Mohd Rafii and Abdullah, Siti Nor Akmar and Nejat, Naghmeh and Mahmood, Maziah and Musa, Mohamed Hanafi and Abdul Latif, Mohammad and Sahebi, Mahbod (2016) Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 36 (1). pp. 165-174. ISSN 0738-8551; ESSN: 1549-7801


The blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, causes serious disease on a wide variety of grasses including rice, wheat and barley. The recognition of pathogens is an amazing ability of plants including strategies for displacing virulence effectors through the adaption of both conserved and variable pathogen elicitors. The pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI) were reported as two main innate immune responses in plants, where PTI gives basal resistance and ETI confers durable resistance. The PTI consists of extracellular surface receptors that are able to recognize PAMPs. PAMPs detect microbial features such as fungal chitin that complete a vital function during the organism’s life. In contrast, ETI is mediated by intracellular receptor molecules containing nucleotide-binding (NB) and leucine rich repeat (LRR) domains that specifically recognize effector proteins produced by the pathogen. To enhance crop resistance, understanding the host resistance mechanisms against pathogen infection strategies and having a deeper knowledge of innate immunity system are essential. This review summarizes the recent advances on the molecular mechanism of innate immunity systems of rice against M. oryzae. The discussion will be centered on the latest success reported in plant–pathogen interactions and integrated defense responses in rice.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3109/07388551.2014.946883
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Basal resistance; Effector-triggered immunity; Pathogen; Pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity; Resistance mechanisms
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 04:36
Last Modified: 15 May 2017 01:50
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3109/07388551.2014.946883
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/35872
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