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New oxide ion conducting solid electrolytes, Bi4V2O11: M; M = B, Al, Cr, Y, La


Citation

Lee, Chnoong Kheng and Bay, Boon Hong and West, Anthony R. (1996) New oxide ion conducting solid electrolytes, Bi4V2O11: M; M = B, Al, Cr, Y, La. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 6 (3). pp. 331-335. ISSN 0959-9428; ESSN: 1364-5501

Abstract / Synopsis

The compositional ranges of Bi4V2O11 solid solutions containing trivalent cations: B, Al, Cr, Y and La have been determined by means of a phase diagram study at solidus temperatures, ca. 850°C. At least three mechanisms for accommodating variable cation contents are required. These are nominally V → Bi, V → M, Bi → M; the first two also involve the formation of anion vacancies. The detailed mechanisms by which ions as different in size as B and La can enter the Bi4V2O11 structure cannot, however, be inferred from the phase diagrams. Phase diagrams at 500°C have much smaller solid-solution areas, indicating the stability and extent of the solid solutions to be very temperature-dependent. Conductivity studies show that La-, Y- and Al-doped materials, with a composition around Bi4V1.8M0.2O10.8, are the best conductors at 300°C with a conductivity value of up to 1.4 × 10–4Ω–1 cm–1. At 600°C, Al-doped materials have the highest conductivity, ca. 1 × 10–1Ω–1 cm–1. Conductivity Arrhenius plots show changes of slope associated with the phase transitions: α→β→γ for B, Al, Cr and β→γ for Y: data for La (γ-polymorph only) are almost linear.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/JM9960600331
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Keywords: Bi4V2O11; Solid electrolytes
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 09:39
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 09:39
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1039/JM9960600331
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/35672
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