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Modelling Evaporation and Evapotranspiration under Temperature Change in Malaysia


Ali, Md. Hazrat and Shui, Lee Teang and Yan, Kwok Chee and Eloubaidy, Aziz F. (2000) Modelling Evaporation and Evapotranspiration under Temperature Change in Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 8 (2). pp. 191-204. ISSN 0128-7680


Temperature change has a direct effect on hydrology through its link with evapotranspiration. The potential impact of temperature change on the evapotranspiration is assessed; using a modelling approach based on a few physical weather measurements. Methods to estimate free-surface evaporation E and potential evapotranspiration ETp ' without any model calibration p~parameters, for monthly time series are presented. The model results are calculated by using observed average historic (1980-97) meteorological data and compared with USBR Class-A black pan evaporation data (1971-97) from the Muda Agricultural Development Authority, Malaysia. The long-term monthly averaged daily estimates of Ep for different months were compared with measured pan evaporation. Results of this simulation showed an accuracy of more than 95% with the observed pan evaporation data and thus, would be used for ET estimation. All the model equations containing temperature terms were set dependent of temperature. The correlation between mean monthly relative humidity and temperature was also made to investigate the sensitivity of ETp ' The ETp time series is perturbed by varying monthly temperature from 21"C to 41"C, with O.2"C increment to investigate the sensitivity of that series. Results from the perturbations showed that the temperature has significant effects on ET for each month. p

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: temperature change, evaporation, evapotranspiration, simulation, perturbation
Depositing User: Nur Izzati Mohd Zaki
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2009 02:58
Last Modified: 27 May 2013 07:09
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/3552
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