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Production and modification of nanofibrillated cellulose using various mechanical processes: a review


Abdul Khalil, H. P. S. and Davoudpour, Yalda and Islam, Md. Nazrul and Mustapha, Asniza and Sudesh, Kumar and Dungania, Rudi and Jawaid, Mohammad (2014) Production and modification of nanofibrillated cellulose using various mechanical processes: a review. Carbohydrate Polymers, 99. pp. 649-665. ISSN 0144-8617; ESSN: 1879-1344


Nanofibrillated cellulose from biomass has recently gained attention owing to their biodegradable nature, low density, high mechanical properties, economic value and renewability. Although they still suffer from two major drawbacks. The first challenge is the exploration of raw materials and its application in nanocomposites production. Second one is high energy consumption regarding the mechanical fibrillation. However, pretreatments before mechanical isolation can overcome this problem. Hydrophilic nature of nano-size cellulose fibers restricts good dispersion of these materials in hydrophobic polymers and therefore, leads to lower mechanical properties. Surface modification before or after mechanical defibrillation could be a solution for this problem. Additionally, drying affects the size of nanofibers and its properties which needs to study further. This review focuses on recent developments in pretreatments, nanofibrillated cellulose production and its application in nanopaper applications, coating additives, security papers, food packaging, and surface modifications and also for first time its drying.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.08.069
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Homogenization; Nanocellulose; Nanocomposite; Nanopaper; Surface modification
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2015 08:02
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2015 08:02
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.08.069
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/35074
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