UPM Institutional Repository

Learning support and academic achievement among Malaysian adolescents: the mediating role of student engagement


Mohd Jelas, Zalizan and Azman, Norzaini and Zulnaidi, Hutkemri and Ahmad, Nor Aniza (2016) Learning support and academic achievement among Malaysian adolescents: the mediating role of student engagement. Learning Environments Research, 19 (2). pp. 221-240. ISSN 1387-1579; ESSN: 1573-1855


The aim of this study was to examine the associations between learning support, student engagement and academic achievement among adolescents. We also examined the extent to which affective, behavioural and cognitive engagement play a mediating role in students’ perceived learning support from parents, teachers and peers, and contribute to their academic achievement. Malaysian adolescents (aged 12–17 years, N = 2359) completed a self-administered questionnaire based on an adapted version of the Student Engagement And Learning Support Scale. Item and factor analyses were performed to ensure appropriate psychometric properties of the scales. Pearson correlation analysis identified the relationship between variables and structural equation modelling was conducted to identify the role of student engagement as a mediator between learning support and academic achievement. The study provides empirical support for the hypothesis that perceptions of learning support influence adolescents’ affective, behavioural and cognitive engagement in school in different ways, which in turn influences their academic achievement. Cognitive engagement seemed to be the best predictor of academic achievement and the strongest mediator for all three types of learning support. Behavioural engagement was negatively associated with academic achievement, and affective engagement did not have a direct relationship with academic achievement, although it contributed indirectly through cognitive and behavioural engagement. The results of this study provide a basis for policy makers to initiate prevention and intervention programs for increasing the quality of parent–child, teacher–student and peer–peer relationships which ultimately could lead to improved academic competence and outcomes.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Learning support and academic achievement among Malaysian adolescents the mediating role of student engagement.pdf

Download (50kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-015-9202-5
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Affective engagement; Behavioural engagement; Cognitive engagement; Parental support; Peer support; Teacher support
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2016 05:26
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2016 05:26
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s10984-015-9202-5
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/34363
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item