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Evaluation of antidiabetic properties of Momordica charantia in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats using metabolomics approach


Citation

Perumal, Vikneswari and Khoo, W. C. and Abdul Hamid, Azizah and Ismail, Amin and Shaari, Khozirah and Murugesu, Suganya and Abas, Faridah and Ismail, Intan Safinar and Lajis, Md. Nordin and Mushtaq, Mian Yahya and Khatib, Alfi (2015) Evaluation of antidiabetic properties of Momordica charantia in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats using metabolomics approach. International Food Research Journal, 22 (3). pp. 1298-1306. ISSN 1985-4668; ESSN: 2231-7546

Abstract

Momordica charantia, also known as bitter melon or 'peria katak' in Malaysia, is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae. Bitter melon is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals that made it extensively nutritious. Moreover, the seed, fruit and leave of the plant contain bioactive compounds with a wide range of biological activities that have been used in traditional medicines in the treatment of several diseases, including inflammation, infections, obesity and diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in urinary metabolite profile of the normal, streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes and M. charantia treated diabetic rats using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) -based metabolomics profiling. Study had been carried out by inducing diabetes in the rats through injection of streptozotocin, which exhibited type 1 diabetes. M. charantia extract (100 and 200 mg/kg body weight) was administrated to the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats for one week. Blood glucose level after administration was measured to examine hypoglycemic effect of the extract. The results obtained indicated that M. charantia was effective in lowering blood glucose level of the diabetic rats. The loading plot of Partial Least Square (PLS) component 1 showed that diabetic rats had increased levels of lactate and glucose in urine whereas normal and the extract treated diabetic rats had higher levels of succinate, creatine, creatinine, urea and phenylacetylglycine in urine. While the loading plot of PLS component 2 showed a higher levels of succinate, citrate, creatine, creatinine, sugars, and hippurate in urine of normal rat compared to the extract treated diabetic rat. Administration of M. charantia extract was found to be able to regulate the altered metabolic processes. Thus, it could be potentially used to treat the diabetic patients.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Institute of Bioscience
Publisher: Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Diabetes; Metabolomics; Momordica charantia; Streptozotocin; Urine
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 01:51
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2016 01:51
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/32831
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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