UPM Institutional Repository

Utilization of Java medaka (Oryzias javanicus) in ecotoxicological studies


Yusof, Shahrizad and Ismail, Ahmad (2014) Utilization of Java medaka (Oryzias javanicus) in ecotoxicological studies. In: Malaysia International Biological Symposium 2014, 28-29 Oct. 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia. (p. 145).


An increasing number of chemicals due to human activities enters our environment every day. This study promotes Java medaka (Oryzias javanicus) as test organism for the impacts of these chemicals. Java medaka is a small tropical fish native to Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, commonly found in abundance in estuaries. The fish have been successfully cultured in the laboratory in ambient temperature and controlled photoperiod of 14 hours light and 10 hours dark. Some ecological aspects of the fish in their natural habitat were studied in order to understand their response to chemicals. The fish occur abundantly all year round in the west and south coasts of Peninsular Malaysia. They migrate tidally within a large salinity range (1.2 – 29.0 ppt), making them suitable to represent the coastal environment. The sensitivity of different life stages of Java medaka to environmental pollutants was tested. All life stages of the fish have been utilized and they have shown particular sensitivity. The embryos were sensitive to low concentrations (0.01 – 0.05 ppm) of heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Pb, Cu and Zn) in terms of developmental impairments. In exposure to glyphosate-based herbicide embryonic death was found to be the most prominent response while swimming disorder was observed in the juveniles. Teratogenecity is another developmental endpoints in embryos exposed to the pollutants tested. The responses shown by all the life stages of the fish indicated that this fish species can be a useful to investigate short term and long term effect of pollutants in the future.

Download File

[img] Text (Abstract)
BIO 2014-30.pdf

Download (340kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Publisher: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Java medaka; Test organism; Pollution; Coastal areas; Environment
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2020 14:43
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2020 14:43
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/31209
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item