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Comparative study on the physicochemical properties of κ-carrageenan extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii (doty) doty ex Silva in Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia and commercial κ-carrageenans


Citation

Chan, Sook Wah and Mirhosseini, Hamed and Taip, Farah Saleena and Ling, Tau Chuan and Tan, Chin Ping (2013) Comparative study on the physicochemical properties of κ-carrageenan extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii (doty) doty ex Silva in Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia and commercial κ-carrageenans. Food Hydrocolloids, 30 (2). pp. 581-588. ISSN 0268-005X; ESSN: 1873-7137

Abstract / Synopsis

κ-Carrageenan is a linear, sulphated polysaccharide that is widely used in the food industry as a gelling agent due to its lack of toxicity and biocompatibility. In this study, the physicochemical properties of κ-carrageenan (TA150) derived from Kappaphycus alvarezii (formerly Eucheuma cottonii) in Tawau, Sabah were investigated and compared to commercial κ-carrageenan (SeaKem CM611, Gelcarin GP812, Gelcarin GP911 NF, and Grindsted® carrageenan CL220). TA150 exhibited the lowest lightness but highest yellowness, with L∗ and b∗ values reported as 82.69 and 17.16, respectively. The rupture strength of κ-carrageenan increased significantly with increasing concentration (p < 0.05). The water losses from κ-carrageenan gel increased with increasing storage times. TA150 lost the most water within 10 days of storage time. The water-holding capacity (WHC) of κ-carrageenan gel was reported to be excellent (>90%) under all storage temperatures (25 °C, 4 °C and −18 °C). The moisture content, ash, acid-insoluble matter, and sulphate levels of κ-carrageenan samples were reported as 3.65–11.41%, 17.75–33.18%, 0.22–3.74%, and 12.00–19.71%, respectively. These samples were low in fat, protein, and crude fibre contents. The potassium content in κ-carrageenan was highest in Gelcarin GP812 (100.42 g/kg), followed by Grindsted® carrageenan CL220 (61.92 g/kg), TA150 (54.60 g/kg), Gelcarin GP911 NF (40.90 g/kg) and SeaKem CM611 (15.76 g/kg). No heavy metals were detected in TA150 and the other commercial κ-carrageenan samples except for lead. However, the concentration of lead detected in the κ-carrageenan samples fell within the acceptable ranges (<5 mg/kg) set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA).


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Comparative study on the physicochemical properties of κ-carrageenan extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii (doty) doty ex Silva in Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia and commercial κ-carrageenans.pdf

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.07.010
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Eucheuma cottonii; κ-Carrageenan; Physicochemical properties; Water-holding capacity; Ash; Minerals
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 12:12
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 12:12
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.07.010
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/30437
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