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Specialty oleochemicals from palm oil via enzymatic syntheses


Citation

Basri, Mahiran and Raja Abdul Rahman, Raja Noor Zaliha and Salleh, Abu Bakar (2013) Specialty oleochemicals from palm oil via enzymatic syntheses. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 25 (1). pp. 22-35. ISSN 1511-2780

Abstract / Synopsis

Palm-based spe­cialty oleo­chem­i­cals are spe­cial indus­trial chem­i­cals from palm oil which are highly priced with high profit mar­gins. These oleo­chem­i­cals exhibit inter­est­ing prop­er­ties such as excel­lent emol­liency, sur­face activ­ity, emul­si­fy­ing prop­er­ties as well as ben­e­fi­cial bio­log­i­cal prop­er­ties. As such, these com­pounds find many appli­ca­tions in the cos­metic, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal and food indus­tries. Enzyme catal­ysed syn­the­ses of these chem­i­cals are prefer­able as com­pared to their usual petro-chemical coun­ter­part as these processes are nature iden­ti­cal and ‘green’. Lipase-catalysed syn­the­ses of spe­cialty oleo­chem­i­cals were car­ried out. The oleo­chem­i­cals include amino acid esters, fatty alka­nolamides, fatty esteramines, var­i­ous wax esters, medium chain triglyc­erides and bio­log­i­cally active esters. The opti­mi­sa­tion of the reac­tion con­di­tions was dis­cussed. The effects of the para­me­ters influ­enc­ing the reac­tions includ­ing tem­per­a­ture, reac­tion time, sub­strate molar ratio, amount of enzyme and sol­vents used were pre­sented. The char­ac­ter­is­tics of the reac­tion sys­tem and the prod­ucts were determined.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute of Bioscience
Publisher: Malaysian Palm Oil Board
Keywords: Enzymatic; Oleochemicals; Palm oil; Specialty; Syntheses
Depositing User: Umikalthom Abdullah
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 11:40
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 16:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/30386
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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