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Projection of human immunodeficiency virus among high-risk groups in Malaysia


Mondal, Md. Nazrul Islam and Shitan, Mahendran (2013) Projection of human immunodeficiency virus among high-risk groups in Malaysia. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 66 (5). pp. 421-424. ISSN 1344-6304; ESSN: 1884-2836


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) presents a serious healthcare threat to young individuals in Malaysia and worldwide. This study aimed to identify trends in HIV-related risk behaviors among recognized high-risk groups and to estimate HIV transmission up to the year 2015. Data and necessary information were obtained from the Ministry of Health Malaysia, published reports from the World Health Organization and United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, and other articles. The Estimation and Projection Package was used to estimate HIV transmission. The results of the present study revealed that within the high-risk groups, intravenous drug users (IDUs) had the highest prevalence rate of HIV transmission, followed by patients with sexually transmitted infections (STIs), female sex workers (SWs), and men who have sex with men (MSM). Within these at-risk populations, patients with STIs have the highest prevalence of HIV, followed by IDUs, MSM, and SWs. If the transmission rate continues to increase, the situation will worsen; therefore, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive prevention program to control HIV transmission in Malaysia.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute for Mathematical Research
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.7883/yoken.66.421
Publisher: National Institute of Infectious Diseases
Keywords: AIDS; Estimation and projection package; High risk groups for populations; HIV; Malaysia.
Depositing User: Umikalthom Abdullah
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2014 03:56
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2015 07:04
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.7883/yoken.66.421
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/30180
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