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Prevalence, distribution and antibiotic resistance of emergent Arcobacter spp. from clinically healthy cattle and goats


Hussain Shah, Atta and Abdul Aziz, Saleha and Zakaria, Zunita and Marimuthu, Murugaiyah and Aliyu, A. B. and Jafri, Nida (2013) Prevalence, distribution and antibiotic resistance of emergent Arcobacter spp. from clinically healthy cattle and goats. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 60 (1). pp. 9-16. ISSN 1865-1674; ESSN: 1865-1682


Prevalence, distribution and antibiotic resistance of Arcobacter spp. were investigated in cattle, goats, floor and treated water samples in this study. The prevalence of Arcobacter in adult and young was recorded as 8/110 (7.27%) and 4/83 (4.81%), respectively, which showed insignificant difference (P = 0.3503) in detection rates between adult and young cattle. A total of 33.33% of the floor samples and 11.11% of the treated water samples analysed were determined as positive for Arcobacter. Among the species isolated, over all, A. butzleri (45%) was the most frequently detected species, followed by A. skirrowii (5%). A. butzleri was isolated from adult cattle, floor and water samples at the rates of 75.0%, 33.4% and 50%, respectively. Co-colonization of species was not uncommon, and 50% of the samples were carrying more than one Arcobacter species. Only 12.5% sample from cattle (adult) was detected positive for only A. skirrowii. All samples from young animals, floor and water contained mixed isolates. None of the samples from goat farm was found to be carrying Arcobacter species. On profiling of antimicrobial resistance patterns, it was found that only one A. butzleri isolate (3.7%) was sensitive to all nine antibiotics tested. A. butzleri was found highly resistant to ampicillin (55.6%), followed by cefotaxime (33.4%) and ciprofloxacin (33.4%). Overall, 20% of the isolates showed multidrug resistance (resistant ≥4 antibiotics). Gentamicin and enrofloxacin can be used as drugs of choice for the treatment for Arcobacter infections

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1865-1682.2012.01311.x
Publisher: Wiley
Keywords: Antibiogram; Arcobacter; Cattle; Goats; Prevalence.
Depositing User: Azizan Arshad
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2014 02:31
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 02:48
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1111/j.1865-1682.2012.01311.x
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29881
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