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Trade-Offs between Risks and Returns of Multiple Vegetable Cropping Systems


Mohamed, Zainal Abidin and Thani, Pichit (1993) Trade-Offs between Risks and Returns of Multiple Vegetable Cropping Systems. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 1 (2). pp. 163-170. ISSN 0128-7702


Production of crops as a business venture is considered risky. A farmer faces variations in prices, yield and resource constraints that make income unstable. This study looks at the trade-off between farm returns (E) and risk (V) (as measured by variance of expected income) in a vegetable crop diversification programme. The study demonstrates how minimum risk farm plans can be estimated to allocate available land to match the vegetable crop combinations efficiently in situations of risk and uncertainty. The E-V frontier is traced to evaluate the trade-offs between risks and returns of each combination of the vegetable crops. The results indicate that farmers with high risk aversion i.e. at the lower E-V frontier should plant more "ladies fingers" spinach and cucumber, while farmers who are risk neutral i.e. at the higher E-V frontier should plant more high risk crops such as bitter gourd and "kailan".

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Vegetables, risk, E-V frontier, risk aversion and risk neutral
Depositing User: Nur Izyan Mohd Zaki
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2009 02:57
Last Modified: 27 May 2013 07:04
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/2986
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