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Outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in Peninsular Malaysia from 2001 to 2007


Ramanoon, Siti Zubaidah and Robertson, Ian Duncan and Edwards, John and Hassan, Latiffah and Md Isa, Kamaruddin (2013) Outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in Peninsular Malaysia from 2001 to 2007. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45 (2). pp. 373-377. ISSN 0049-4747; ESSN: 1573-7438


This is a retrospective study of the outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Peninsular Malaysia between 2001 and May 2007. In total, 270 outbreaks of FMD were recorded. Serotype O virus (89.95 %) and serotype A (7.7 %) had caused the outbreaks. Significant differences on the occurrence of FMD were found between the years (t = 5.73, P = 0.000, df = 11), months (t = 4.7, P = 0.000, df = 11), monsoon season (t = 2.63, P = 0.025, df = 10) and states (t = 4.84, P = 0.001, df = 10). A peak of outbreaks observed in 2003 could be due to increased animal movement and the other peak in 2006 could be due to a compromised FMD control activities due to activities on the eradication of highly pathogenic avian influenza. Cattle (86 % of outbreaks) suffered the most. However, no difference in disease occurrence between species was observed. The populations of cattle (r = 0.672, P = 0.023) and sheep (r = 0.678, P = 0.022) were significantly correlated with occurrence of FMD. Movement of animals (66 % of outbreaks) was the main source for outbreaks. A combination of control measures were implemented during outbreaks. In conclusion, the findings of this study show that FMD is endemic in Peninsular Malaysia, and information gained could be used to improve the existing control strategy.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0226-x
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Foot-and-mouth disease; Outbreaks; Epidemiology; Malaysia
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2015 00:46
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 03:11
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11250-012-0226-x
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29841
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