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Emotional intelligence and academic performance in first and final year medical students: a cross-sectional study


Citation

Chew, Boon How and Md. Zain, Azhar and Hassan, Faezah (2013) Emotional intelligence and academic performance in first and final year medical students: a cross-sectional study. BMC Medical Education, 13 (44). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1472-6920; ESSN: 1472-6920

Abstract / Synopsis

Background Research on emotional intelligence (EI) suggests that it is associated with more pro-social behavior, better academic performance and improved empathy towards patients. In medical education and clinical practice, EI has been related to higher academic achievement and improved doctor-patient relationships. This study examined the effect of EI on academic performance in first- and final-year medical students in Malaysia. Methods This was a cross-sectional study using an objectively-scored measure of EI, the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Academic performance of medical school students was measured using continuous assessment (CA) and final examination (FE) results. The first- and final-year students were invited to participate during their second semester. Students answered a paper-based demographic questionnaire and completed the online MSCEIT on their own. Relationships between the total MSCEIT score to academic performance were examined using multivariate analyses. Results A total of 163 (84 year one and 79 year five) medical students participated (response rate of 66.0%). The gender and ethnic distribution were representative of the student population. The total EI score was a predictor of good overall CA (OR 1.01), a negative predictor of poor result in overall CA (OR 0.97), a predictor of the good overall FE result (OR 1.07) and was significantly related to the final-year FE marks (adjusted R2 = 0.43). Conclusions Medical students who were more emotionally intelligent performed better in both the continuous assessments and the final professional examination. Therefore, it is possible that emotional skill development may enhance medical students’ academic performance.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: BioMed Central
Keywords: Emotional intelligence; Educational assessments; Achievemen; Medical students
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2014 20:20
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 15:06
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29794
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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