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Nutritional outcomes related to household food insecurity among mothers in rural Malaysia


Ihab, A. N. and Abdul Jalil, Rohana and Wan Manan, W. M. and W. N., Wan Suriati and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Abdullah , Mohamed Rusli (2013) Nutritional outcomes related to household food insecurity among mothers in rural Malaysia. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 31 (4). pp. 480-489. ISSN 1606-0997; ESSN: 2072-1315


During the past two decades, the rates of food insecurity and obesity have risen. Although a relationship between these two seemingly-paradoxical states has not been repeatedly seen in men, research suggests that a correlation between them exists in women. This study examines nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among mothers in rural Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey of low-income households was conducted, and 223 households with mothers aged 18-55 years, who were non-lactating, non-pregnant, and had at least one child aged 2-12 years, were purposively selected. A questionnaire was administered that included the Radimer/Cornell Scale, items about sociodemographic characteristics, and anthropometric measurements. Of the households, 16.1% were food-secure whereas 83.9% experienced some kind of food insecurity: 29.6% of households were food-insecure, 19.3% contained individuals who were foodinsecure, and 35.0% fell into the 'child hunger' category. The result reported that household-size, total monthly income, income per capita, and food expenditure were significant risk factors of household food insecurity. Although there was a high prevalence of overweight and obese mothers (52%) and 47.1% had at-risk waist-circumference (=80 cm), no significant association was found between food insecurity, body mass index, and waist-circumference. In conclusion, the rates of household food insecurity and overweight and obesity were high in the study population, although they are looking paradoxical. Longitudinal studies with larger sample-sizes are recommended to further examine the relationship between food insecurity and obesity.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research
Keywords: Household food insecurity; Malaysia; Obesity; Overweight
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2014 14:17
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 00:50
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29762
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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