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Industrially produced trans fatty acids: major potential sources in Malaysian diet


Citation

A., Azimah and Azlan, Azrina and Mohd Esa, Norhaizan and Abdul Mutalib, Mohd Sokhini and Daud, Akmar Zuraini (2013) Industrially produced trans fatty acids: major potential sources in Malaysian diet. International Food Research Journal, 20 (3). pp. 1157-1164. ISSN 1985-4668; ESSN: 2231-7546

Abstract / Synopsis

This study was conducted to determine the major potential sources of industrially produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFAs) in Malaysian diet. Levels of IP-TFAs were initially determined in samples (n = 136) collected from 8 food groups (baked products, snacks, dairy products, breakfast cereals, fast foods, semisolid fats and cooking oils, and fried foods). A survey was carried out to 105 subjects aged 19-59 years old to determine the intake of IP-TFAs using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). The IP-TFAs range from 0-5.79% of food, with the highest found in semisolid fats and cooking oils (0.1-5.79%), followed by fast foods (0.04-0.86%), baked products (0.01-0.29%), breakfast cereals (0.06-0.45%), snacks (0.03-0.26%), dairy products (0-0.26%), and fried foods (0.002-0.06%). A Spearman’s Rho rank test showed that there were significant correlations (p < 0.05) between 4 of the food groups (semisolid fats and cooking oils, fast foods, fried foods, and baked products), with the total IP-TFA intakes of subjects. In general, total IP-TFAs intakes of subjects were < 1% of subjects’ diet (0.067%-0.91% of subjects’ total calorie intakes). This indicate that high fat foods (semisolid fats and cooking oils, fast foods, fried foods, and baked products) were the main contributor of IP-TFAs in Malaysian diet, despite the low proportion oftransfatty acids, following their high frequency of daily intake.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Halal Products Research Institute
Publisher: Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Dietary assessment; Food frequency questionnaire; Food group; Malaysian diet; Trans fatty acid
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 18 May 2015 04:15
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2015 02:07
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29736
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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