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Defoliation and its effect on morphology, biochemical parameters, yield and yield attributes of soybean


Citation

Ali, M. R. and Ashrafuzzaman, Muhammad and Malek, Mohammad Abdul and Mondal, Mohd Monjurul Alam and Yusop, Mohd Rafii and Puteh, Adam (2013) Defoliation and its effect on morphology, biochemical parameters, yield and yield attributes of soybean. Research on Crops, 14 (2). pp. 500-506. ISSN 0972-3226; ESSN: 2348-7542

Abstract / Synopsis

Loss of foliage in soybean crop through leaf eating insects and diseases is common in tropical and sub-tropical countries where farmers do not protect their crops adequately. Experiment was performed under sub-tropical condition (24°8' N, 90°0' E) with four levels of defoliations (0, 25, 50 and 75% from base of the canopy). Defoliations were imposed at the visible bud initiation stage to investigate the growth and yield attributes in two popular soybean varieties during January to April 2011. Results revealed that degrees of defoliations simultaneously decreased leaf area and total dry matter (TDM) production irrespective of varieties. Defoliation not only reduced source sizes but also decreased total sink (pod) production resulting in lower seed yields. However, basal 25% defoliation did not decrease TDM, seed weight/plant and seed yield/ha significantly indicating the fact that the soybean plant, in general, can tolerate 25% basal leaf loss of the canopy. Exceeding this threshold limit (>25%) of the canopy defoliation reduced TDM and seed yield significantly. Implication of the results in relation to pest management was also discussed.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Publisher: Gaurav Society of Agricultural Research Information Centre
Keywords: Canopy structure; Dry matter production; Seed yield; Sink; Source; Soybean
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 13:22
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 13:22
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29260
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