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Synthesis and optimization of 2-ethylhexyl ester as base oil for drilling fluid formulation


Ismail Jassim, Lina and Yunus, Robiah and Rashid, Umer and Abdul Rashid, Suraya and Mohd Salleh, Mohamad Amran and Irawan, Sonny and Ghaemi, Ferial (2016) Synthesis and optimization of 2-ethylhexyl ester as base oil for drilling fluid formulation. Chemical Engineering Communications, 203 (4). pp. 463-470. ISSN 0098-6445; ESSN: 1563-5201


A stable ester was synthesized to overcome the ester hydrolysis problem during the drilling of oil or gas wells using a conventional ester-based drilling fluid. The thermal and hydrolytic stability of the produced ester was high owing to the transesterification method employed in this study. The reaction was performed using 2-ethylhexanol and methyl laureate esters in the presence of sodium methoxide as a catalyst. In order to obtain the optimum synthesis conditions, a response surface methodology (RSM) was appraised based on the central composite design (CCD). The optimum conditions were determined as follows: 0.6 wt.% catalyst, 70°C reaction temperature, 1:1.5 molar ratio, and 11.5 min of reaction time. The results of 77 wt.% 2-ethylhexyl ester (2-EH) illustrated a high agreement between the experimental and RSM models. The reaction product contained 77 wt.% 2-EH and 23% 2-ethylhexanol. The kinematic viscosity was 5 mm2/s at 40°C and 1.5 mm2/sec at 100°C; the specific gravity was 0.854, flash point was 170°C, and pour point was −7°C. The produced product showed similar properties to the available commercial product. However, it was observed that the mud formulation using the synthesized base oil had superior rheological properties at 121°C.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2015.1023300
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: 2-ethylhexonal ester; Drilling fluid formulation; Methyl laureate ester; Response surface methodology (RSM); Rheology; Transesterification
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 07:03
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2016 07:03
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/00986445.2015.1023300
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29202
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