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Evaluations of some physical properties for oil palm as alternative biomass resources


A. Bakar, Balkis Fatomer and Md. Tahir, Paridah and Karimi, Alinaghi and Bakar, Edi Suhaimi and Uyup, Mohd Khairun Anwar and Choo, Adrian Cheng Yong (2013) Evaluations of some physical properties for oil palm as alternative biomass resources. Wood Material Science & Engineering, 8 (2). pp. 119-128. ISSN 1748-0272; ESSN: 1748-0280


The objective of this study was to investigate the moisture content (MC), density, and amount of extractives along the height of a 32-year-old oil palm stem. The extractives were removed following TAPPI standards T-207 and T-280 for water solubility and acetone extractives. The results showed that the MC of the palm stem increased from the outer towards the inner section, while the density decreased. Along the tree height, the MC was found to increase from the bottom to the middle part, but slightly decreased towards the top. An inverse trend was obtained for the density distribution along the tree height. The results of the extractive separation showed that the middle and center sections of the oil palm stem contained the highest amount of extractives irrespective of the types of solvent. The highest amount of extractives was obtained from hot water extraction, followed by cold water and acetone extractions. The lowest amount of extractives was located at the bottom outer section of the oil palm stem which ranging from 2.0 to 9.2%, whereas the middle and center sections contained a greater amount of extractives ranged from 4.6 to 32.8% regardless of the type of solvent used.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Forestry
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/17480272.2012.701666
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Density; Extractive; Moisture content; Oil palm stem; Parenchyma; Vascular bundles
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 02:47
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2016 02:47
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/17480272.2012.701666
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29131
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