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Effects of fiber treatment on morphology, tensile and thermogravimetric analysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches fibers


Md Allwi, Norul Izani and Md. Tahir, Paridah and Uyup, Mohd Khairun Anwar and M. Y., Mohd Nor and H'ng, Paik San (2013) Effects of fiber treatment on morphology, tensile and thermogravimetric analysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches fibers. Composites Part B: Engineering, 45 (1). pp. 1251-1257. ISSN 1359-8368; ESSN: 1879-1069


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fiber treatment on both morphological and single fiber tensile strength of empty fruit bunch (EFB). EFB fiber was treated with boiling water, 2% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and combination both NaOH and boiling water. Fiber morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was further used to measure the amount and rate of change in the weight (weight loss) of treated fiber as a function of temperature. Based on the results of this work it seems that alkali treatment improved most of the fiber properties. NaOH treatment was found to alter the characteristic of the fiber surface topography as seen by the SEM. The thermal stability of NaOH treated and water boiling treated EFB fiber was found to be significantly higher than untreated fiber. The best results were obtained for alkali treated fiber where the tensile strength and Young’s modulus increased compared to untreated fibers. The overall results showed that alkali treatment on EFB fiber enhanced the tensile strength and thermal stability of the fiber samples.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Forestry
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.07.027
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: A. Fibers; D. Electron microscopy; B. Thermal properties; D. Thermal analysis
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 09:20
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2016 09:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.07.027
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/29111
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