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Removal of hydrogen sulfide by physico-biological filter using mixed rice husk silica and dried activated sludge.


Mehdinia, Seyed Mahmoud and Abdul Latif, Puziah and Taghipour, Hassan (2013) Removal of hydrogen sulfide by physico-biological filter using mixed rice husk silica and dried activated sludge. CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, 41 (10). pp. 949-954. ISSN 1863-0605; ESSN:1863-0669


This study investigated the effectiveness of a new packing material, namely mixed rice husk silica with dried activated sludge for removing H2S. Dried sewage sludge was collected from Putrajaya sewage treatment plant in Malaysia. Rice husk silica was prepared at temperature of 800°C, after acid leaching and mixed with dried sewage sludge to be utilized in a polyvinyl chloride filter. The system was operated under variable conditions of two parameters, different inlet gas concentration and different inlet flow rate. H2S was passed through the filter with one liter of the packing material. More than 99.96% removal efficiency (RE) with empty bed residence time (EBRT) of 90–45 s and 300 ppm inlet concentration was observed. However, the RE decreased to 96.87% with the EBRT of 30 s. The maximum elimination capacity (EC) of 52.32 g/m3/h was obtained with the RE of 96.87% and H2S mass loading rate of 54 g/m3/h, while at the RE of 99.96%, maximum EC was 26.99 g/m3/h with the H2S mass-loading rate of 27 g/m3/h. A strong significant correlation between increasing of H2S mass loading rate and pressure drop was also detected (p < 0.01). Maximum pressure drop was 3.0 mm H2O after 53 days of operating time, the EBRT of 30 s, and 54 g/m3/h of H2S loading rate. These observations suggest that the mixture of rice husk silica with dried activated sludge is a suitable physico-biological filter for H2S removal.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201100459
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Keywords: Air pollution; Elimination capacity; Empty bed residence time; Packing material; Removal efficiency.
Depositing User: Khairil Ridzuan Khahirullah
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2014 01:58
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2015 06:10
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1002/clen.201100459
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28904
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