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Chemical composition and FT-IR spectra of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) fibers obtained from different heights


Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan and Leman, Zulkiflle and Salit, Mohd Sapuan and Ab. Rahman, Mohamad Zaki and Anwar, U. M. K. (2013) Chemical composition and FT-IR spectra of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) fibers obtained from different heights. Journal of Natural Fibers, 10 (2). pp. 83-97. ISSN 1544-0478; ESSN: 1544-046X


This paper deals with the study on the effect of biological degradation to chemical composition and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) fibers obtained from different heights (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15 m) of the sugar palm tree. It was observed that degradation that took place at the bottom part of the sugar palm trunk affected the chemical composition of its fiber. It was noticed that cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin contents increased with the increase of the tree height. A good correlation between chemical composition and mechanical properties of sugar palm fiber was found where cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses show a significant contribution to the increase in tensile strength, modulus, and elongation at break of the fiber, respectively. For the fibers obtained from higher height, it was observed that cellulose and hemicelluloses contents slightly decreased. High ash content for fibers obtained from 1 m height resulted in low moisture content and significant increase in its thermal stability. In FT-IR study, it was determined that the relative absorbance in sugar palm fibers was no different in all fibers.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science Program
Institute of Advanced Technology
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2012.733517
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Keywords: Sugar palm fiber; Arenga pinnata; Chemical composition; Biological degradations
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2015 04:11
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 04:54
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/15440478.2012.733517
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28833
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