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Acid modified carbon coated monolith for methyl orange adsorption


Citation

Cheah, Willie and Hosseini, Soraya and Khan, Moonis Ali and Abdullah, Luqman Chuah and Choong, Thomas Shean Yaw (2013) Acid modified carbon coated monolith for methyl orange adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, 215-216. pp. 747-754. ISSN 1385-8947

Abstract / Synopsis

Carbon coated monolith (CCM) was chemically modified by treating with nitric acid. The acid modified carbon coated monolith (ACCM) was then characterized by using various techniques. Two folds increase in acidic sites was observed on ACCM compared to CCM. Surface studies showed mesoporous nature of ACCM. A decrease in ACCM surface area and an increase in pore volume observed after the modification. The ATR-FT-IR studies showed increase in carboxylic groups on ACCM confirming CCM oxidation by nitric acid. The pH studies showed optimum adsorption (88 mg/g) at pH 6 which is very near to pHPZC of ACCM. Contact time studies showed equilibration time in between 4320 and 4560 min for initial MO concentration range 0.05–0.6 g/L. Comparatively 53% higher MO adsorption was observed on ACCM than CCM under similar experimental conditions. Freundlich model applicability confirms multilayer MO adsorption on ACCM surface. Pseudo-second-order kinetics model was fitted best to the experimental data revealing chemical nature of adsorption process. The adsorption process is endothermic and spontaneous in nature. Desorption studies showed optimum MO recovery (73%) when 1 N NaOH was used as an eluent.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Methyl orange; Acid modified carbon coated monolith; Adsorption; Desorption; Thermodynamics
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2015 15:06
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 09:15
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28777
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