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Effect of intermediate layer in photocurrent improvement of three-layer photoanodes using WO3 and Fe2O3


Hosseini, Soraya and Eftekhari, Ehsan and Soltani, Salman Masoudi and Memar, Amir and Babadi, Farahnaz Eghbali and Jamnani, Bahador Dastorian and Ismail, Mohd Halim Shah and Minggu, Lorna Jeffery (2013) Effect of intermediate layer in photocurrent improvement of three-layer photoanodes using WO3 and Fe2O3. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 1 (4). pp. 1309-1314. ISSN 2213-3437


Sol–gel method was applied to synthesize WO3/Fe2O3 three-layer films in order to improve the generated photocurrent under UV–vis light irradiation. The films were deposited on FTO glass substrates through doctor bladding method. The samples were then calcined at 500 °C. The photocurrents of the synthesized photoanodes were evaluated by measuring the electric current and voltage under UV–vis light at room temperature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed unique surface morphologies owing to the presence of the intermediate layers. At an applied potential of 1300 mV, the WO3\Fe2O3\WO3 and Fe2O3\WO3\Fe2O3 photoanodes exhibited photocurrent densities up to 0.1 mA/cm2 and 0.6 mA/cm2, respectively. It was found that porous films with easy accessibility to the inner surface reveal high photocurrents. The intermediate layer of WO3 demonstrated higher values of photocurrent due to roughness enhancement on the upper surface with columnar tree-growth particles. However, a compact state was observed on the cross section of Fe2O3 growth. A comparison was also drawn between the two and three-layer photoanodes using Fe2O3 andWO3. The films were characterized by XRD, SEM/EDX, and UV–vis irradiation to determine the photocurrent densities.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.09.023
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Photoanode; Multi-layer; Fe2O3; WO3
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 08:07
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2015 07:05
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.jece.2013.09.023
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28722
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