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Optical H2 sensing properties of vertically aligned Pd/WO3 nanorods thin films deposited via glancing angle rf magnetron sputtering


Wisitsoorat, Anurat and Ahmad, Muhammad Zamharir and Yaacob, Mohd. Hanif and Horpratum, Mati and Phakaratkul, Ditsayut and Lomas, Tanom and Tuantranont, Adisorn and Wlodarski, Wojtek (2013) Optical H2 sensing properties of vertically aligned Pd/WO3 nanorods thin films deposited via glancing angle rf magnetron sputtering. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 182. pp. 795-801. ISSN 0925-4005; ESSN: 1873-3077


In this work, the optical H2-sensing properties of Pd/tungsten trioxide (WO3) nanorods prepared by rf magnetron sputtering with glancing-angle deposition (GLAD) technique are investigated. From grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopic characterizations, annealed WO3 structure deposited on a quartz substrate at glancing angle of 85° exhibited polycrystalline monoclinic crystal structure with uniform partially isolated columnar nanorod morphology. The nanorods have the average length, diameter and rod separation of around 400 nm, 50 nm and 20 nm, respectively. The developed sensors show remarkable gasochromic absorbance response when exposed to H2. Cumulative absorbance in 650–1000 nm wavelength range is increased by approximately 51% toward H2 with 0.1% concentration in synthetic air, which is more than an order of magnitude higher than that of WO3 dense film prepared by conventional sputtering method. Moreover, WO3 nanorod based sensor is much more promising for practical use due to its much faster response. Therefore, the developed Pd/WO3 nanorod based optical sensors are highly potential for low H2 concentration sensing with highly sensitivity, fast and stable responses and low operating temperature.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.03.091
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Tungsten trioxide; Glancing-angle deposition; Nanorods; H2 sensor; Optical gas sensor
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 00:05
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 00:57
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.snb.2013.03.091
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28693
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