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Imaging spectroscopy and light detection and ranging data fusion for urban features extraction


Idrees, Mohammed and Mohd Shafri, Helmi Zulhaidi and Saeidi, Vahideh (2013) Imaging spectroscopy and light detection and ranging data fusion for urban features extraction. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10 (12). pp. 1575-1585. ISSN 1546-9239; ESSN: 1554-3641


This study presents our findings on the fusion of Imaging Spectroscopy (IS) and LiDAR data for urban feature extraction. We carried out necessary preprocessing of the hyperspectral image. Minimum Noise Fraction (MNF) transforms was used for ordering hyperspectral bands according to their noise. Thereafter, we employed Optimum Index Factor (OIF) to statistically select the three most appropriate bands combination from MNF result. The composite image was classified using unsupervised classification (k-mean algorithm) and the accuracy of the classification assessed. Digital Surface Model (DSM) and LiDAR intensity were generated from the LiDAR point cloud. The LiDAR intensity was filtered to remove the noise. Hue Saturation Intensity (HSI) fusion algorithm was used to fuse the imaging spectroscopy and DSM as well as imaging spectroscopy and filtered intensity. The fusion of imaging spectroscopy and DSM was found to be better than that of imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR intensity quantitatively. The three datasets (imaging spectrocopy, DSM and Lidar intensity fused data) were classified into four classes: building, pavement, trees and grass using unsupervised classification and the accuracy of the classification assessed. The result of the study shows that fusion of imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR data improved the visual identification of surface features. Also, the classification accuracy improved from an overall accuracy of 84.6% for the imaging spectroscopy data to 90.2% for the DSM fused data. Similarly, the Kappa Coefficient increased from 0.71 to 0.82. on the other hand, classification of the fused LiDAR intensity and imaging spectroscopy data perform poorly quantitatively with overall accuracy of 27.8% and kappa coefficient of 0.0988.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.1575.1585
Publisher: Science Publications
Keywords: Data fusion; Feature extraction; Urban mapping; Hyperspectral; LiDAR
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 02:08
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2017 02:28
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3844/ajassp.2013.1575.1585
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28669
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