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Assessment of lake sediments properties and contaminations level


Citation

Nik Daud, Nik Norsyahariati and Anuar, Nur Safrah and Md Yusoff, Zainuddin and Ahsan, Amimul (2013) Assessment of lake sediments properties and contaminations level. Advanced Materials Research, 610-613. pp. 2100-2103. ISSN 1022-6680; ESSN: 1662-8985

Abstract

Sediments are principal carriers of the trace elements in the hydrosphere. Properties of the sediment (such as grain size, specific surface area and pore volume) decide the concentration level of the pollutant contain in water. The properties of sediment differed in each lake according to the normal geological phenomenon and source of discharge wastewater. The purpose of this study is to investigate the properties and contamination level of the sediment collected from lakes in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Sediment samples are taken from three different lakes; Lake IT, Lake ENG and Lake PK. These locations are selected due to the type of wastewater has been discharged into the lakes which are from colleges and academic buildings. The sediments were tested in terms of physical, chemical properties and contaminant concentration (Pb, P and Cu). Using the contaminant concentration results; the sediment concentration level of the pollutant of each lakes were referred to the Consensus- Based Sediment Quality Guidelines (CBSQG-2003). The dominant grain sizes of the sediments were found in the range of silt/clay; with the size fraction in the range 12.74% to 12.83%. The specific surface areas of sediments were in the range of 16.3 to 22.5 m2/g with a pore size distribution in the range of 20 to 29 mm3/g. The chemical properties show that the pH values are in normal range; pH 7, TOC values in the range of 10.84 to 12.39% and salinity values in the range of 0.05 to 0.06 dS/m. The contaminant concentrations show that the main heavy metal presents in Lake IT, Lake ENG and Lake PK as Lead (Pb) with 0.033 mg/l, 0.036 mg/L and 0.038 mg/L, respectively. According to the CBSQG-2003, due to the concentration of Lead presents in lakes sediment in UPM area, the sediments were categorised as non-polluted.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.2100
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications
Keywords: Chemical properties; Heavy metal; Lake sediments; Lead; Physical properties
Depositing User: Muizzudin Kaspol
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2014 01:54
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2015 01:12
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.2100
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28435
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