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Regional development programmes and poverty reduction in East Coast states of Malaysia


Mohd Noor, Zaleha and Asfari, Noor Azian (2013) Regional development programmes and poverty reduction in East Coast states of Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 21 (spec. Sep.). pp. 201-210. ISSN 0128-7702; ESSN: 2231-8534


Regional disparities can be found in Malaysia. The Central Region can be considered as a developed region; while Sabah and the states in the Eastern Region,the least developed. Such disparities exist not only in the form of income, but also in terms of social welfare. It is then important to highlight the problems related to poverty in the poorer states of Malaysia. Many regional programs which involve a lot of resources have been carried out in every Malaysian plan. One of its aims is to eradicate poverty among the poor. In the same vein, the objective of this paper is to analyze the implication of regional development programs in reducing poverty. This paper made use of the Household Income Survey (HIS) for 1999 and 2004 data to calculate the relevant indexes to trace the changes in poverty incidence, extent and severity. These indexes include the head-count index, poverty gap and income-gap ratio, Sen’s index of poverty, as well as the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index. Results revealed that the regional programs conducted between the two periods improved poverty situations in the region; thus, such programs should be continued to increase the economic performance of the so-called poor states of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang and reduce their poverty situation.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Economics and Management
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index; Head-count index; Regional disparity; Sen’s index of poverty; Poverty gap; Income-gap ratio
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2015 02:33
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 02:20
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28327
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