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Molecular cloning, homology modeling and site-directed mutagenesis of vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) from Gracilaria changii (Rhodophyta)


Baharum, Hariyanti and Chu, W. C. and Teo, Swee Sen and Ng, Kim Yong and Abdul Rahim, Raha and Ho, Chai Ling (2013) Molecular cloning, homology modeling and site-directed mutagenesis of vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) from Gracilaria changii (Rhodophyta). Phytochemistry, 92. pp. 49-59. ISSN 0031-9422; ESSN: 1873-3700


Vanadium-dependent haloperoxidases belong to a class of vanadium enzymes that may have potential industrial and pharmaceutical applications due to their high stability. In this study, the 5′-flanking genomic sequence and complete reading frame encoding vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) was cloned from the red seaweed, Fracilaria changii, and the recombinant protein was biochemically characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence of GcVBPO1 is 1818 nucleotides in length, sharing 49% identity with the vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidases from Corralina officinalis and Cor. pilulifera, respectively. The amino acid residues associated with the binding site of vanadate cofactor were found to be conserved. The Km value of recombinant GcVBPO1 for Br− was 4.69 mM, while its Vmax was 10.61 μkat mg−1 at pH 7. Substitution of Arg379 with His379 in the recombinant protein caused a lower affinity for Br−, while substitution of Arg379 with Phe379 not only increased its affinity for Br− but also enabled the mutant enzyme to oxidize Cl−. The mutant Arg379Phe was also found to have a lower affinity for I−, as compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1 and mutant Arg379His. In addition, the Arg379Phe mutant has a slightly higher affinity for H2O2 compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1. Multiple cis-acting regulatory elements associated with light response, hormone signaling, and meristem expression were detected at the 5′-flanking genomic sequence of GcVBPO1. The transcript abundance of GcVBPO1 was relatively higher in seaweed samples treated with 50 parts per thousand (ppt) artificial seawater (ASW) compared to those treated in 10 and 30 ppt ASW, in support of its role in the abiotic stress response of seaweed.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.04.014
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Gracilaria changii; Red seaweed; Site-mutagenesis; Gracilariales; Vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 07:05
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2016 07:05
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.04.014
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28037
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