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Formulation and evaluation of an automatic dishwashing detergent containing T1 lipase


Abdul Rahman, Izuddin and Raja Abdul Rahman, Raja Noor Zaliha and Salleh, Abu Bakar and Basri, Mahiran (2013) Formulation and evaluation of an automatic dishwashing detergent containing T1 lipase. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 16 (3). pp. 427-434. ISSN 1097-3958; ESSN: 1558-9293


The use of enzymes in detergent formulations is becoming popular due to the concerns about the environment. T1 lipase (E.C. was evaluated for its stability and performance in dishwashing along with other common components of an automatic dishwashing detergent. Therefore, the process of formulating the detergent would depend on the stability of T1 lipase, which may also reflect the performance during the washing. T1 lipase was mostly stable in nonionic surfactants, especially those that were made of polyhydric alcohols. T1 lipase was also stable in a mixture of sodium carbonate and glycine. However, sodium carbonate alone destabilized T1 lipase possibly due to the interaction between carbonates and Ca2+. These results indicated that polyhydric alcohols and glycine had stabilizing effects on T1 lipase. The dishwashing performance was evaluated in term of percent soil removed. The dishwashing performance of the formulated detergent was positively affected by the increase in temperature but negatively affected by the presence of hard water, specifically Ca2+ and Mg2+. However, T1 lipase was not negatively affected by the presence of hard water, and this enzyme was enhanced by the presence of polyacrylates. The presence of Ca2+ improved the structural integrity of T1 lipase. It is generally known that most enzymes that depend on Ca2+ for their structural integrity would be greatly destabilized in the presence of metal chelators; thus, stabilizing strategies such as adding glycine would be essential to maintain enzyme activity during the wash.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Science
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11743-012-1398-0
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Lipase; Thermostable; Detergent; Surfactant; Dishwashing analysis; Hard water; Enzyme stabilizer
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 07:58
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2016 07:58
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11743-012-1398-0
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/28010
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