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Arabic Language Efficacy Questionnaire (ALEQ): assessing self-efficacy and achievement


Mustapha, Nik Hanan and Mustapha, Nik Farhan and Daud, Nadwah and Abdul Wahab, Mahmud (2013) Arabic Language Efficacy Questionnaire (ALEQ): assessing self-efficacy and achievement. GEMA Online™ Journal of Language Studies, 13 (1). pp. 155-167. ISSN 1675-8021


Self-efficacy has long been a focus in language learning. Perceived as one’s belief in his or her own capabilities in accomplishing a particular task, it affirms that personal behaviours, thoughts, beliefs and environmental conditions pose great impact on achievement. However, in Arabic language learning, research on self-efficacy is still at its infancy, what more of an instrument which precisely measures self-efficacy in Arabic language learning environment. Hence, this paper aims at verification of a newly-developed instrument, Arabic Language Efficacy Questionnaire (ALEQ), as well as to explore the relationship between self-efficacy and Arabic language achievement. A sample of 234 undergraduate students majoring in Arabic language was exposed to ALEQ, and a set of tests to determine their achievement in reading, writing and grammar. A principal components analysis with varimax rotation yields a 3-factor solution with satisfactory psychometric properties. The Pearson’s r correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between efficacy in reading, writing and grammar and students’ achievement. Results clearly document that the ALEQ is a multidimensional measurement of Arabic language efficacy. It is concluded that although ALEQ has broad applicability, the scale herein may have relevance to the students’ level of confidence in learning Arabic language and may be used in both research and teaching environments.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Modern Language and Communication
Publisher: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Keywords: Self-efficacy; Arabic language; Reading; Writing; Grammar
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2016 00:37
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2017 07:51
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/27931
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