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Phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses of streptomycetes isolated from local soil.


Tasrip, Nor Asmara and Mohd Desa, Mohd Nasir and Cheah, Yoke Kqueen and Chong, Pei Pei and Shamsudin, Mariana Nor (2012) Phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses of streptomycetes isolated from local soil. In: 3rd International Biotechnology and Biodiversity Conference & Exhibition (BIOJOHOR 2012), 9-11 June 2012, Johor Bahru. .


This study was to characterize the genetic and phenotypic features of soil isolates of Streptomyces. 39 isolates were harvested from various sites mainly around the University Agricultural Park, Universiti Putra Malaysia. Streptomyces griseus ATCC 10137 strain was also included for analysis as a reference strain (n = 40). Basic morphological characteristics and 16S rDNA-sequence homology confirmed the isolates as Streptomyces. The later was used to construct a phylogenetic tree which showed the diverse evolutionary pedigree of the isolates in 6 major clusters. Based on ISP-2 media, the observed aerial mass-color of the isolates were categorized as yellow (n = 15), grey (n = 9), brown (n = 7), white (n = 6) and others (n = 3). Antibacterial activities were assessed on MHA and TSA by perpendicular streak method against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella sp. and Enterococcus sp. MHA demonstrated 33 isolates with antibacterial activity against at least one of the test bacteria while that on TSA accounted for only 24. Chi-square analysis in 2x2 contingency tables identified a potential correlation between aerial mass of non-white color and antibacterial activities. This study supports Streptomyces as the diverse organism with potential rich source of natural antimicrobial compounds. Nevertheless, the observed association between the aerial mass-color and antibacterial property, as well as the effect of different test media on the antibacterial activities needs to be further investigated.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Halal Products Research Institute
Institute of Bioscience
Notes: Full text are available at Special Collection Division Office.
Keywords: Streptomyces; Phylogenetic; Phenotypic.
Depositing User: Erni Suraya Abdul Aziz
Date Deposited: 07 May 2014 00:09
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2014 04:43
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/27705
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