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Effect of salinity on growth and cytotoxicity of extracts from a marine-derived Penicillium sp.(LY1L5).


Mahyudin, Nor Ainy Effect of salinity on growth and cytotoxicity of extracts from a marine-derived Penicillium sp.(LY1L5). In: International Conference on Science, Technology & Social Sciences, 20-22 Nov. 2012, Kuantan, Pahang. .


Some studies have indicated that production of metabolites from marine-derived fungi is sensitive to seawater concentration and this would have implications in drug discovery programs using marine-derived microorganisms. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of salinity on the growth of marine fungi and in cytotoxic metabolite production. A marine-derived Penicillium sp. (isolate LY1L5) showing cytotoxicity were assessed for their tolerance to salinity (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10% sea salt concentration) in respect to their growth and cytotoxic metabolite production. The growth of Penicillium sp. (LY1L5) was enhanced in the presence of salt, but the growth decreased at 10% salinity. Growth rate declined after 18 – 20 days incubation. This isolate showed better IC50 values at salinity of 4 and 6%, but was not active in the absence of salt. All extracts showed traces of cycloaspeptide A. Traces of the cytotoxic α-cyclopiazonic acid were detected only in five active extracts (F5975-B, F5975-C, F5975-D, F5975-E and F5975-F) but none in the inactive extract (F5975-A). The results from this study showed that salinity affected the growth of Penicillum sp. (LY1L5), however, a more extensive study needs to be done to obtain more comprehensive results because growth may also be dependent upon other parameters such as temperature whether or not adaptation by the fungi to salinity has occurred.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Notes: Full text are available at Special Collection Division Office.
Keywords: Marine fungi; Cytotoxic metabolites; Growth; Salinity; Penicillium.
Depositing User: Samsida Samsudin
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 02:40
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2014 00:25
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/27607
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