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Mechanical moulding properties of tailing sand-clay mixture from Batu Gajah, Perak, Malaysia


Abdullah, Azhar and Sulaiman, Shamsuddin and Baharudin, B. T. Hang Tuah and Mohd Ariffin, Mohd Khairol Anuar and Abdul Hamid, Nor Haliza (2012) Mechanical moulding properties of tailing sand-clay mixture from Batu Gajah, Perak, Malaysia. In: 15th International Conference on Advances in Materials of Processing Technologies, 23-26 Sept. 2012, University of Wollongong, Australia. .


Tailing sand from ex-tin mine in Batu Gajah containing between 95.9 to 98.9% silica. In this research involved the process of, conducting the mechanical sieve grading to identify the size spread, plotting the grain size distribution and calculating the average grain size. Further on with the effects of controlled additions of clay (bentonite) and water and determining the working range on the mechanical moulding properties. The investigation involved comparing the mechanical properties of the tailing sand to the requirement for foundry sand applications listed by Foseco Ferrous Foundryman’s Handbook (Foseco). Permeability and green compression strength are the important mechanical properties and considered much in the sand casting mould preparation. These mechanical properties play a vital role in determining the allowable clay and moisture content for working range of tailing sand for making green sand casting mould. Experiments for this investigation were conducted according to American Foundrymen Society (AFS) standard of procedures. Cylindrical test pieces dimensioning of Ø50 mm×50 mm in height from various sand–water ratios bonded with 4% clay and then 8% clay, were compacted by applying three ramming blows of 6666 g each using Ridsdale-Dietert metric standard rammer. The specimens were tested for green compression strength using Ridsdale-Dietert universal sand strength machine and permeability number with Ridsdale-Dietert permeability meter. Before the tests were conducted, the moisture content was measured using moisture analyzer. Tailing sand with allowable moisture content ranging from 3 to 3.5% (bonded with 4% clay) and 5.5 to 6% (bonded with 8% clay) were found to have optimum working range with effective green compression strength and permeability.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Keywords: Tailing sand; Grain size distribution; Average grain size; Clay and moisture content; Permeability; Green compression strength
Depositing User: Samsida Samsudin
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 02:06
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2016 04:41
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/26631
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