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The effects of airflow on oven temperatures and cakes qualities


Mohamad Shahapuzi, Nur Syafikah and Taip, Farah Saleena and Ab. Aziz, Norashikin and Ahmedov, Anvarjon (2015) The effects of airflow on oven temperatures and cakes qualities. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 23 (2). pp. 339-350. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


The presence of airflow during heating process is expected to increase heat uniformity in a closed heating chamber. Circulation of hot air increases the percentage of convective heat transfer. In this study, effects of airflow on oven temperature, cake temperature and several cake qualities were investigated. Experimental studies were conducted in convective oven using two different baking modes; with and without airflow. During baking, oven temperatures and internal cake temperature were measured, and images of cake expansion were captured. Results of the study showed that the presence of airflow could maintain the oven temperature within a small range of set point temperature. Temperature in the oven exhibited ±5.5°C fluctuation, approximately 3.5% overshoot that occurred continuously during baking with airflow. On the contrary, higher overshoot (ranging from 15 to 30%) was observed in oven temperature without airflow. Airflow also showed a significant effect (p<0.01) during the second stage of baking. The presence of airflow increased the heating rate and resulted in a faster volume expansion, which was 3.21mm/min, as compared to 2.88mm/min without the airflow. However, airflow dried off the cake surface, resulted in quicker browning, higher weight loss and lower moisture content of cakes.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Airflow; Cake baking; Heat transfer; Internal cake temperature; Volume expansion
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2014 01:37
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2017 01:40
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/25829
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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