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Herd immunity in buffaloes after intranasal live gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 vaccine


Othman, Rafidah and Saad, Mohd Zamri and Eli, Nasip and Saharee, Abdul Aziz (2011) Herd immunity in buffaloes after intranasal live gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 vaccine. Online Journal of Veterinary Research, 15 (3). pp. 283-290. ISSN 1328-925X


The results of a live attenuated gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 vaccine on immunity in buffalo herds is described. Three groups of 30 to 50 buffaloes selected from a haemorrhagic septicaemia-endemic and non-endemic area were used. Thirty percent of animals in each group were given intranasal 5 ml inoculum 106 cfu/mL live attenuated gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2. After exposure, vaccinated buffaloes were mingled with non-vaccinated animals of the same group. A booster dose was given 10 months after the first exposure. Serum samples were randomly collected from 30% of each group before vaccination and at 2-month intervals for 22 months to determine herd immune status by ELISA. Endemic or non-endemic herd status was compared with 15 non-vaccinated controls. Results revealed high herd antibody levels in endemic and non-endemic areas before vaccination. After vaccination, herd antibody levels in both areas gradually increased to peak values by the 6th month and then started to gradually decline until month 10. Following booster dose at 10th month, antibodies declined to levels similar to those in unvaccinated animal at 12 to 14 months. Antibody levels then recovered at 22-months (end of study). It was concluded that field vaccination using gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 increased herd immunity for 8 to 10 months before a booster dose was required.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Keywords: gdhA derivative Pasteurella multocida B:2; Immune response; Field buffalo
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2013 06:44
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2016 02:08
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/25323
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