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γ-ray assisted synthesis of Ni3Se2 nanoparticles stabilized by natural polymer


Citation

Huang, Nay Ming and Radiman, Shahidan and Lim, Hong Ngee and Yeong, Shoot Kian and Khiew, Poi Sim and Chiu, Wee Siong and Mohamed Saeed, G. H. and Nadarajah, K. (2009) γ-ray assisted synthesis of Ni3Se2 nanoparticles stabilized by natural polymer. Chemical Engineering Journal, 147 (2-3). pp. 399-404. ISSN 1385-8947; ESSN: 1873-3212

Abstract / Synopsis

Nickel selenide nanoparticles were synthesized using γ-ray irradiation in the presence of natural polymer, chitosan as capping agent. Chitosan is the deacetylated product of chitin, the second most abundant organic resources after cellulose. The nanoparticles were produced using nickel acetate and selenium dioxide and the as-prepared chitosan stabilized nanoparticles were soluble and stable in aqueous solution. The morphology and structure of the nickel selenide nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Optical properties of the nanoparticles were characterized by UV–Visible spectrophotometer and photoluminescent spectroscopy. The XRD result shows that the nickel selenide conformed to Ni3Se2 with crystal structure of rhombohedral. The absorption spectrum of the Ni3Se2 nanoparticles covered from around 300–600 nm which makes it a potential photovoltaic and optoelectronic device material. In this report, γ-ray irradiation provided a “green”, simple and clean route for the synthesis of chitosan stabilized Ni3Se2 nanoparticles. The size and size distribution of the nickel selenide nanoparticles were influenced by the concentration of chitosan and absorbed dose of γ-ray irradiation.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2008.12.018
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Nickel selenides; γ-ray irradiation; Electron microscope; X-ray diffraction; Nanoparticles; Chitosan
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2013 12:55
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 08:48
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.cej.2008.12.018
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/25251
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