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Rapid removal of Cu(II) ion by chemically modified rubber wood fiber


Citation

Mahdavi, Mahnaz and Ahmad @ Ayob, Mansor and Haron, Md. Jelas and Ab. Rahman, Mohamad Zaki and Azizi, Susan (2012) Rapid removal of Cu(II) ion by chemically modified rubber wood fiber. Environmental Engineering Science, 29 (2). pp. 101-107. ISSN 1092-8758; ESSN: 1557-9018

Abstract / Synopsis

This article describes a study of the adsorption conditions of Cu(II) ions onto polyacrylamide-grafted rubberwood fiber. Preparation of the adsorbent was carried out via graft copolymerization of acrylamide (Am) onto rubberwood fiber (RWF), using ceric ammonium nitrate as an initiator. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to confirm the formation of PAm-g-RWF. Various variables affecting the adsorption capacity such as pH of the solution, adsorption time, initial metal ion concentration, and temperature were investigated. Cu(II) was removed by PAm-g-RWF up to 92% from an initial concentration of 10 mg/L at pH 6.0. Kinetic adsorption data can be described by the second-order equation. Equilibrium parameters for adsorption isotherms of the metal ions on the grafted fiber were obtained using the Langmuir and Freundlich models, and the Langmuir model was found to be in better correlation with the experimental data with a maximum adsorption capacity of 142.85 mg/g. Thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy change (ΔH°), free energy change (ΔG°), and entropy change (ΔS°) were calculated; the adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. The results showed that PAm-g-RWF developed in this study could be an economical and effective adsorbent for application in removal of copper ions from water and wastewater.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1089/ees.2011.0129
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
Keywords: Rubberwood fiber; Cu(II) adsorption; Kinetics; Isotherm; Thermodynamic
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 11:41
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 15:16
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1089/ees.2011.0129
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/25219
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