Simple Search:

Physicochemical composition of hydro-distilled essential oil from coriander ( Coriandrum sativum L.) seeds cultivated in Pakistan.


Citation

Anwar, Farooq and Sulman, Muhammad and Hussain, Abdullah Ijaz and Saari, Nazamid and Iqbal, Shahid and Rashid, Umer (2011) Physicochemical composition of hydro-distilled essential oil from coriander ( Coriandrum sativum L.) seeds cultivated in Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5 (15). pp. 3537-3544. ISSN 1996-0875

Abstract / Synopsis

This experiment describes the physiochemical composition of the essential oil derived from the seeds of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) cultivated in Pakistan. Hydrodistilled essential oil content from coriander seeds was found to be 0.15%. The physicochemical properties namely density (25°C), refractive index (25°C), acid value, ester value, and optical rotation (25°C) determined for the essential oil were found to be 0.8310, 1.4592, 4.0, 23.7, and +11.5 g/cm3, respectively. A total of 48 chemical constituents representing 90% of the essential oil tested were identified using Gas chromatographyflame ionization detector (GC-FID) and Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). Linalool with contribution of 69.60% was found to be the principal constituent. Other important components identified were: geranyl acetate (4.99%), γ-terpinene (4.17%), α-pinene (1.63%), anethol (1.15%) and pcymene (1.12%). The analyzed essential oil mainly comprised of oxygenated monoterpene hydrocarbons (80.83%), followed by monoterpene hydrocarbons (8.00%), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (0.47%) and oxygenated sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (0.35%). Overall, the physicochemical attributes and chemical profile of the tested essential oil from Pakistan were reasonably comparable with those investigated for coriander seed essential oils from other regions of the world suggesting its potential for functional foods and cosmetics applications.


Download File

[img]
Preview
PDF (Abstract)
Physicochemical composition of hydro.pdf

Download (85kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Publisher: Academic Journals
Keywords: Hydrodistillation; Coriander seed; Essential oil; Physicochemical attributes; Gas chromatographymass spectroscopy (GC-MS); Linalool; γ-terpinene; Oxygenated monoterpenes.
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2013 00:33
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2015 08:11
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/24171
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item