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Why the need to triangulate in the study of tourism's economic impact


Chong, Yee Lee and Lee, Eng Heng and Ramachandran, Sridar and Yacob, Mohd Rusli and Othman, Mohhidin (2011) Why the need to triangulate in the study of tourism's economic impact. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12. pp. 50-55. ISSN 1818-4952; ESSN: 1991-6426


Over the years, Input-Output (I-O) analysis has been popularly used for measuring the economic impact of tourism; but discussions in the literature of data collection methods have not been as prevalent as the discussions of empirical results and ways of modifying the basic I-O model. Due to its strong attachment to the economic multiplier concept, positivism paradigm has been preferred by researchers for estimating the spin-off effects that arise from the tourist expenditure in a region’s economy. However, quantitative data obtained from tourism establishments and secondary sources may not be accurate - for example, is the tourism establishment proprietors’ estimation of tourist count reliable? This paper suggests the use of triangulation method (including qualitative technique) to cross-check data collected from quantitative technique, so that a researcher can hope to overcome the weakness or intrinsic biases and problems that can emerge from a single-method or single-observer or single-theory study. Overall, the quality of the triangulation’s outcome depends to a great extent on how systematic the researcher is in analyzing qualitative material and his or her ability to justify the role of mixed methods in the research.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Faculty of Economics and Management
Faculty of Environmental Studies
Publisher: IDOSI Publications
Notes: Special issue of Tourism & Hospitality
Keywords: Input-Output; Post-positivism; Tourism establishment survey; Quantitative and qualitative methods
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 10:12
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2015 08:57
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/24144
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