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Grass-legume mixtures for enhanced forage production: analysis of dry matter yield and competition indices


Baba, Mohamed and Abd Halim, Mohd Ridzwan and Alimon, Abdul Razak and Abu Bakar, Idris (2011) Grass-legume mixtures for enhanced forage production: analysis of dry matter yield and competition indices. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (23). art. no. DC74AAC37733. pp. 5242-5250. ISSN 1991-637X


A six months field trial was conducted at the University Putra, Malaysia to evaluate dry matter yield and nature of competition between Panicum maximum (guinea grass) and each of the following legumes; Stylosanthes guianensis (stylo), Macroptillium bracteatum (burgundy bean), Arachis pintoi, and Centrosema pubescens (centro) in accordance with DeWit (1960) replacement principle. There were 20 treatments in all consisting of monocultures of grass, legume and grass-legume mixtures in the ratios 4:0, 3:1, 2:2, 1:3 and 0:4. The competition indices employed were relative yield total (RYT), relative crowding coefficient (RCC) or (k) and aggresivity index (AI). Guinea-stylo, guinea-Arachis and guineaburgundy mixtures, irrespective of ratio combination, showed lower total dry matter yields than their respective grass monocultures. Guinea-centro (2:2) and guinea-centro (3:1), on the other hand, gave higher total dry matter yields (14.52 and 13.82 tons/ha), respectively than their grass monocultures. No significant differences were observed among mixtures; however, monocultures of legumes produced significantly lower yields (p < 0.05) than those of grass and mixtures. All mixtures recorded mean RYT values of greater than one (1). Guinea-stylo (GS 2:2) and guinea centro (GC 2:2) had the highest RYT values of 1.41 and 1.40 respectively. Mean k values of grasses in mixtures were higher than those of legumes except in guinea-stylo (GS 1:3) and guinea- Arachis (GA 1:3). Mean aggressivity index suggests that legumes were generally more aggressive at 1:3 grass-legume mixture combination, while grass gained the upper hand at 2:2 and 3:1 grass-legume proportion. Guinea-centro (GC 2:2) was recommended as the most compatible combination.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.615
Publisher: Academic Journals
Keywords: Aggressivity index; Dry matter yield; Grass-legume; Relative crowding coefficient; Relative yield total
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2013 09:12
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 04:50
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.5897/AJAR11.615
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/23595
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